10 Jul

Burden of childhood tuberculosis in 22 high-burden countries: a mathematical modeling study

Members of the Sentinel Project Network have published a paper titled, “Burden of childhood tuberculosis in 22 high-burden countries: a mathematical modelling study.” The paper was published in early online publication in the The Lancet Global Health on July 9, 2014. The aim of this paper is to estimate the incidence of infection and disease in children, the prevalence of infection, and household exposure in the 22 countries with a high burden of disease.

You can access an article highlighting the paper here.

Full Reference: Burden of childhood tuberculosis in 22 high-burden countries: a mathematical modelling study Dr Peter J Dodd PhD,Elizabeth Gardiner MSc,Renia Coghlan MPH,James A Seddon PhD The Lancet Global Health – 9 July 2014  DOI: 10.1016/S2214-109X(14)70245-1

21 Jun

MDR-TB weight-based dosing chart for children

This dosing chart provides recommendations for the acceptable doses of second-line TB drugs for children. This chart, available here, was developed by a team of experts in November 2013 based on published data as well as new PK data on the fluoroquinolones and aminoglycosides. The doses are based on weight bands and use tablet sizes currently available in most TB programs. Because children being treat for DR-TB often gain weight quickly, it is recommended that dose adjustments be considered on a regular basis (i.e. monthly).

For important disclaimers on the use of this dosing chart, please refer to the disclaimer section available in the Sentinel Project’s “Management of Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis in Children: A Field Guide

06 Jun

Adverse effects and adherence in children treated for MDR-TB

This webinar recorded on June 6, 2014 covers the following topics:

  • Adverse effects of the TB medications commonly used to treat MDR-TB;
  • Management of the most frequent and clinically relevant adverse effects in children with MDR-TB; and
  • Adherence challenges and strategies to support optimal treatment adherence.

View a recording of the webinar here. View a PDF version of the slides here.

21 May

Household considerations in the management of children with DR-TB: Contact tracing and infection control

Because DR-TB is a disease of families, this webinar recorded on May 21, 2014 focuses on the impact of DR-TB on the household, specifically:

  • Active case-finding strategies for DR-TB, including household contact surveys;
  • Results of published DR-TB household contact studies;
  • Approaches to DR-TB prevention in households and the community, including preventive therapy and infection control.

View a recording of the webinar here. View a PDF version of the slides here.

25 Apr

Regimen design and dosing for children with drug-resistant TB: A case-based discussion

This webinar recorded on April 25, 2014 was presented by Drs. Jennifer Furin and James Seddon, members of the Sentinel Project on Pediatric Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis. This case-based discussion covers key principles for regimen construction in children with DR-TB, the latest dosing recommendation and PK data on second-line drugs in children, and the use of new TB drugs and regimens in children with DR-TB.

View a recording of the webinar here. View a PDF version of the slides here.

14 Mar

Demonstration of gastric aspiration technique in children

The Sentinel Project on Pediatric Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis (www.sentinel-project.org) has developed an 18 minute video on the gastric aspirate technique in children.

This webinar recorded on March 14, 2014 includes the video and a Q & A session on the technique with members of the Sentinel Project.

View a recording of the webinar here. View a PDF version of the Standard Operating Procedure here.

31 Oct

Post-graduate course 04: Managing children with drug-resistant tuberculosis: a practical approach

Post-graduate Course 04. Managing children with drug-resistant tuberculosis: a practical approach

Thursday, 31 October 2013, 9:00 – 17:00, Room: 341

44th Union World Conference on Lung Health, 30 October – 3 November 2013, Paris, France

Description

Despite some advances in expanding access to effective treatment for drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB), children remain largely neglected. Diagnosis of DR-TB in children is perceived to be challenging and few providers have experience managing children with DR-TB. This course aimed to provide workers with practical advice and guidance to manage children with DR-TB. It addressed diagnosis, prevention, treatment, delivery of medication doses, management of adverse events, and approaches to the programmatic management of DR-TB in children.

This course was aimed at any health care worker who may manage children with drug-resistant tuberculosis. The course’s strong clinical and practical components were of use to those working in the community, clinic, hospital, or TB programme.

Presentations

  1. Overview of the epidemiology of DR-TB in children
    Soumya Swaminathan (India)
  2. Family-centered approach: framework for managing children exposed to DR-TB
    Jeffrey Starke (USA)
  3. Diagnosis of DR-TB disease in children
    Carlos Perez-Velez (USA)
  4. Treatment of DR-TB disease in children and preventive therapy for children exposed to DR-TB
    H. Simon Schaaf (South Africa)
  5. Pharmacokinetics of second-line TB drugs
    Helen McIlleron (South Africa)
  6. Practical approach to weight-based dosing
    Carole Zen Ruffinen (Switzerland)
  7. Co-morbidities, monitoring and adverse events, nutritional support and adherence
    Jennifer Furin (USA)
  8. Program monitoring and evaluation, including registers and forms
    Florian Marx (Germany)
  9. Implementing a protocol to evaluate child contacts of DR-TB patients
    Farhana Amanullah (Pakistan)
  10. Managing DR-TB in pregnancy, mothers and newborns
    James Seddon (UK)

Coordinators: Mercedes Becerra (USA), James Seddon (UK)

Chairs: Mercedes Becerra (USA), James Seddon (UK)